According to the National Institute of Health, a TBI is a sudden injury from an external force that affects the functioning of the brain. The most common cause is a concussion. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states 1.7 million people in the United States experience a TBI each year and approximately 53,000 people die from TBI-related injuries per year. TBIs are most commonly attributed to motor vehicle accidents, sports injuries and falls and according to the CDC, occurrences of documented TBI’s spiked in 2008 and the rates continue to rise every year.
More than 200,000 US cases per year
Treatable by a medical professional
Requires a medical diagnosis
Lab tests or imaging often required
Traumatic brain injury often occurs as a result of a severe sports injury or car accident.
Treatment may involve rest, medication, aquatic therapy and surgery.
People may experience:
Cognitive: amnesia, inability to speak or understand language, mental confusion, difficulty concentrating, difficulty thinking and understanding, inability to create new memories, or inability to recognize common things
Infants may cry persistently or be irritable, abnormal laughing and crying, aggression, impulsivity, irritability, lack of restraint, or persistent repetition of words or actions
Whole body: balance disorder, blackout, dizziness, fainting, or fatigue
Mood: anger, anxiety, apathy, or loneliness
Eyes: dilated pupil, raccoon eyes, or unequal pupils, blurry vision
Gastrointestinal: nausea or vomiting
Speech: slurred speech or impaired voice
Visual: blurred vision or sensitivity to light
Also common: persistent headache, a temporary moment of clarity, bleeding, bone fracture, bruising, depression, loss of smell, nerve injury, post-traumatic seizure, ringing in the ears, sensitivity to sound, or stiff muscles
Critical: consult a doctor for medical advice
Treatment depends on severity
Treatment may involve rest, medication, and surgery.
Increases urine production to get rid of excess salt and water.
Use Common drugs
Surgical removal of part of the skull so that an injured brain can swell without being squeezed.
Retraining the brain’s pathways to improve mental and physical functioning after an illness or injury. For example, after a blow to the head (concussion).
A talk therapy focused on modifying negative thoughts, behaviors, and emotional responses associated with psychological distress.
Practicing mindfulness, coping mechanisms, and trigger avoidance to minimize destructive emotional outbursts.
A branch of psychology that treats personal problems related to school, work, family, and social life.
Treats nervous system disorders.
Monitors and treats those in intensive care.
Specializes in voice rehabilitation.
Improves daily living and work skills of patients.
Restores function and quality of life to those with physical disabilities.
Specializes in nervous system disorders.
Prevents, diagnoses, and treats diseases.